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State of the Science Workshop


The first State of the Science on Wildlife and Offshore Wind Energy Development Workshop, hosted by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), was held on November 13-14, 2018. This workshop brought together stakeholders engaged with environmental and wildlife research relevant to offshore wind energy development, to promote coordination and collaboration in efforts along the eastern seaboard from Massachusetts to North Carolina.


The State of the Science Workshop had over 180 attendees, 32 speakers, and 45 posters, including a broad range of stakeholders from the U.S. and Europe. Workshop presentations and discussions focused around different wildlife taxa, known and hypothesized effects to wildlife from offshore wind energy development, and opportunities for regional coordination and collaboration to continue improving our understanding of offshore wind and marine ecosystems.


Thank you to everyone who participated! The State of the Science 2018 Workshop Proceedings can be found here.

Workshop Goals

This workshop brought together scientists to present and discuss their research. Workshop goals included:

  • Engaging and informing interested stakeholders about the state of knowledge regarding wildlife and offshore wind energy development, including ongoing efforts to understand, minimize, and mitigate environmental impacts.

  • Promoting regional coordination by sharing updates on research studies, guidelines development, and other efforts along the eastern seaboard (Massachusetts to North Carolina).

  • Promoting collaboration through expert information exchange and discussion.



Download detailed agenda here.


Terms of Use for Presentation PDFs

Links to presentations from the workshop are provided below where available, courtesy of the presentation authors. These presentation files are provided for personal edification only, and should not be cited without contacting the author(s) directly. Users should not reuse or redistribute slides, or images on these slides, without express permission from the presentation author(s).

Tuesday, November 13

Marine Systems and the Offshore Wind Energy Development Process

Greg Lampman


Welcome and workshop overview 

Greg Lampman, NYSERDA

Resources in a Dynamic Ocean

Kevin Friedland, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Overview of Current Leases, Regulations, and the Development Process

Mary Boatman, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

Introduction to Offshore Wind: Development, Construction and Operations

Sophie Hartfield, Ørsted

Results to Date: Real-time Opportunity for Development Environmental Observations (RODEO) Project

Mary Boatman, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

Q & A / Panel discussion

Marine Mammals Part 1

Francine Kershaw
Natural Resources Defense Council

Marine Mammal Populations and Surveys
Debi Palka, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Large Cetaceans: Human Impacts, Existing Knowledge, and Data Gaps 
Melinda Rekdahl, Wildlife Conservation Society

Lessons Learned from Europe: The Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Marine Mammals
Karen Hall, Joint Nature Conservation Committee


Overview of Pile Driving Sounds and How to Estimate Impacts Within the U.S. Regulatory Framework
David Zeddies, JASCO Applied Sciences


Developments to Minimize Marine Mammal Exposure to Wind Farm Construction Noise

Ursula Verfuss, SMRU Consulting


Q & A / Panel discussion

Sea Turtles and Marine Mammals Part 2

Lisa Bonacci
NYS Department of Environmental Conservation

Turtle Populations in the Northwest Atlantic
Heather Haas, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center


Impacts from Marine Development on Turtles
Sue Barco, Virginia Aquarium


Turtles and Offshore Wind: What We Know (and What We Don't)
Kyle Baker, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management


Monitoring During the Construction and Post-Construction Periods: Developing a Regional Strategy for Data Sharing and Standardizing Protocols
Kyle Baker, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management


Q & A / Panel discussion

Wednesday, November 14

Lower Trophic Levels, Fishes, and Fish Habitat Part 1

Carl LoBue
The Nature Conservancy

Zooplankton in the Northwest Atlantic: The Foundation of the Food Web 
Ryan Morse, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center


Fish Populations in Eastern North America
Vince Guida, NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center


Review: Fish Hearing and Effects of Underwater Noise
Arthur Popper, University of Maryland


Effects of Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) from Offshore Wind Facilities
Andrew Gill, Pangalia Environmental


Impacts from Offshore Wind to Benthos and Benthic Habitats
Paul English, Fugro


Q & A / Panel discussion

Lower Trophic Levels, Fishes, and Fish Habitat Part 2

Sue Tuxbury
NOAA Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office

Review of European Studies: Impacts of Offshore Wind Development on Fish
Andrew Gill, Pangalia Environmental


Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on Finfish Abundance
Elizabeth Methratta, Integrative Sciences Group


Examining Impacts of America’s First Offshore Wind Farm on Fish and Invertebrates
Drew Carey, Inspire Environmental


Q & A / Panel Discussion

Birds and Bats 

Caleb Spiegel
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Bats and Wind Energy
Trevor Peterson, Stantec


The Current State of Knowledge Regarding Avian Impacts from Offshore Wind Energy Developments in Europe
Sue O'Brien, Joint Nature Conservation Committee


Modeling Avian Distributions and Relative Abundance in the Northwest Atlantic Using Compiled Data
Arliss Winship, NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science


Using Individual Tracking of Protected Species to Inform Offshore Wind Development
Pam Loring, US Fish and Wildlife Service


Bird and Bat Monitoring at the Block Island Wind Farm
Stephanie Wilson, Deepwater Wind


Recent Developments in Bird and Bat Detection and Deterrence
Jocelyn Brown-Saracino, Department of Energy


Q & A / Panel discussion

Ecosystem Perspectives


Catherine Bowes

National Wildlife Federation

From Observing Structural Effects to Understanding Functional Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development
Steven Degraer, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences


Designing Research and Monitoring Studies to Effectively Detect Impacts
Dave Secor, University of Maryland


Understanding Cumulative Impacts
Wing Goodale, Biodiversity Research Institute


Lessons Learned from the European Experience
Sue O'Brien, Joint Nature Conservation Committee


Q & A / Panel discussion

Group Discussion with E-TWG Panel - Reflections on Workshop Priorities

Martin Goff, Equinor

Jillian Liner, Audubon New York

Joe Martens, New York Offshore Wind Alliance

Poster Session and Public Open House

The poster session and open house was held on November 13th from 7-8:30 pm at the Inn at Fox Hollow in Woodbury, NY. With 45 poster presenters and 12 organizations with exhibit tables, this open house provided an opportunity for workshop participants and members of the public to interact with engaged scientists and managers about their work. State agencies, federal agencies, universities, nonprofit research organizations, and for-profit companies involved with offshore wind energy development were represented at the open house with posters and/or tables with information about their recent and ongoing activities. Download Poster Session and Open House Flyer

Photo credits: Loggerhead sea turtle © Kate Sutherland

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